- Attribute of
- <img> HTML Tag
- What does
- Defines alternate text, which may be presented in place of the image.
<img src="/wp-content/uploads/flamingo.jpg" alt="Pink flamingo.">
alt attribute will accept any text string, but there are certain best practices that will help.
- No special characters. This includes UTF-8 characters such as unencoded curly quotes, as well as HTML Character Entities.
- No HTML.
- No more than 125 characters.
- Just identify the picture. No need to refer to it (“This is a picture of…”).
<!-- Bad alt descriptions. --> <img src="/wp-content/uploads/flamingo.jpg" alt="A “pink” flamingo."> <img src="/wp-content/uploads/flamingo.jpg" alt="A <em>pink</em> flamingo."> <img src="/wp-content/uploads/flamingo.jpg" alt="Flamingo comes from Spanish flamenco, 'with the colour of flame', in turn coming from Provençal flamenc from flama 'flame' and Germanic-like suffix -ing, with a possible influence of words like Fleming. A similar etymology has the Latinate Greek term Phoenicopterus (from Greek: ????????????? phoinikopteros), literally 'blood red-feathered'."> <img src="/wp-content/uploads/flamingo.jpg" alt="This is a picture of a pink flamingo."> <!-- Good alt description. --> <img src="/wp-content/uploads/flamingo.jpg" alt="Pink flamingo.">
alt description — Users
alt attribute provides an “alternative description” for the image. This description is normally not presented to the user, but will be under certain circumstances:
- Assistive technology — If the user is visually impaired, and is using a screen reader, the screen reader will read the
altdescription to the user.
- Images turned off — Some users prefer to surf the web with images turned off (to save bandwidth or to minimize distraction). These users will normally see the
altdescription instead of the image.
- Image failure — If an image fails to load for any reason (bad file name, connection problems), the user will usually see the
altdescription in place of the image.
Here’s an example of displaying the
alt text in place of a failed image (the image
src points to nothing).
<img src="not-a-real-file-name.jpg" alt="Depending on your browser, you might see this message in place of the failed image.">
alt description — Search Engines
alt description is also very helpful for search engines. Search engines have a hard time figuring out what the content of an image actually is. They are getting better at it, but identifying the subject of a photo or picture is extremely difficult. So search engines rely on the
alt description to know what is actually in a picture (they also use the file name and other attributes). Additionally, in Google Image Search, the
alt description is actually shown to the user. If you care about SEO, you should make sure that you have relevant
alt descriptions for all of your images.
Learn more about
How much more is there to know about
alt? A lot. We’ve put together this tutorial on the Rules of Alt to help you out.
Values of the
|text||Specifies alternative text to be displayed in particular contexts.|
All Attributes of
|height||Identifies the intrinsic height of an image file, in CSS pixels.|
|srcset||list of sources||Defines multiple sizes of the same image, allowing the browser to select the appropriate image source.|
|Was previously used to specify the alignment and placement of an image relative to the surrounding text. It has been deprecated and should not be used.|
|alt||text||Defines alternate text, which may be presented in place of the image.|
|border||pixels||Previously used to define a border on an image element. It has been deprecated and should no longer be used.|
|controls||Toggled media player controls when used in conjunction with the <code>dynsrc</code> attribute. Both attributes are now deprecated.|
|hspace||Previously used to add horizontal space on both side of an image. It is now deprecated.|
|ismap||Identifies an image as a server-side image map. When the containing anchor link is clicked, the coordinates of the mouse will be included in the request.|
|longdesc||Defines a URL at which can be found more information about the image. It was written out of the HTML5 specification, but its status is not quite so clear as other deprecated features.|
|loop||Previously used to specify the number of times a video should play, when used in conjunction with the dynsource attribute. Both attributes have been deprecated.|
|lowsrc||Specified a smaller or lower-quality version of an image.|
|name||Identified the image or provided additional information about it. Deprecated in HTML 4.0 in favor of other attributes.|
|naturalsizeflag||This attribute does nothing. It was once used by a proprietary software system.|
|nosave||Was intended to prevent users from downloading an image. Was never a part of the HTML specification, and not widely implemented.|
|suppress||Used by the now-defunct Netscape browser to suppress the display of image prior to image download completion.|
|usemap||Specifies a client-side image map to be used with the image.|
|width||Indicates the intrinsic width of the image, in CSS pixels.|
|src||Specifies the URL of an image to be displayed.|
Browser Support for alt